PREGUNTAS FRECUENTES

¿QUÉ SON LAS SALVAGUARDIAS? / WHAT ARE SAFEGUARD MEASURES?

Son medidas de protección de carácter temporal que se imponen cuando las importaciones de un producto aumentan inesperadamente y en condiciones tales que causan o amenazan con causar un daño grave a la rama de producción nacional que produce productos similares o directamente competidores.

La finalidad de la salvaguardia es que los productores nacionales se ajusten a esta nueva situación de competencia en el mercado interno durante el periodo que se apliquen tales medidas. A diferencia de los derechos antidumping y compensatorios, para aplicar una salvaguardia no se necesita demostrar que existe una práctica de dumping o una subvención, pero los productores nacionales deben presentar, antes de su aplicación, un plan de reajuste que refleje de qué manera se adecuarán a la competencia de las importaciones.

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They are temporary measures that are imposed when any product is being imported into a country in such increased quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten to cause serious injury to the domestic industry that produces like or directly competitive products.

The aim is to help domestic industry adjust to imported competition during the period the measures are in force. Unlike the antidumping and countervailing procedures, there are no requirements to determine the existence of dumping or subsidy practices, but before the application of safeguard measures, the domestic producers must submit to the investigating authority an adjustment plan that reflects how they will be adapting to the import competition.

They are temporary measures that are imposed when any product is being imported into a country in such increased quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten to cause serious injury to the domestic industry that produces like or directly competitive products. The aim is to help domestic industry adjust to imported competition during the period the measures are in force. Unlike the antidumping and countervailing procedures, there are no requirements to determine the existence of dumping or subsidy practices, but before the application of safeguard measures, the domestic producers must submit to the investigating authority an adjustment plan that reflects how they will be adapting to the import competition. 

¿QUIÉNES PUEDEN PRESENTAR UNA SOLICITUD DE INICIO DE INVESTIGACIÓN POR PRÁCTICAS DE DUMPING O SUBVENCIONES? / WHO CAN FILE AN APPLICATION REQUESTING THE INITIATION OF AN ANTIDUMPING OR SUBSIDY INVESTIGATING PROCEDURE?

Los productores nacionales del producto afectado, a través de sus asociaciones o sus representantes, podrán solicitar el inicio de un procedimiento de investigación por prácticas de dumping o subvenciones.

Los productores nacionales que formulen dicha solicitud deben representar por lo menos el 25% de la producción nacional del producto afectado.

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Domestic producers of the product affected may file an application requesting the initiation of an antidumping or subsidy procedure, directly or through producers' associations or their representatives.

Domestic producers that file such request must represent at least 25% of the national production of the affected product.

Domestic producers of the product affected may file an application requesting the initiation of an antidumping or subsidy procedure, directly or through producers' associations or their representatives.

Domestic producers that file such request must represent at least 25% of the national production of the affected product.

¿CUÁL ES LA DIFERENCIA ENTRE UN DERECHO PROVISIONAL Y UNO DEFINITIVO? / WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PROVISIONAL AND DEFINITIVE DUTIES?

Teniendo en cuenta que la investigación por prácticas de dumping o subvenciones puede durar hasta dieciocho (18) meses, la legislación permite que se apliquen derechos provisionales durante la tramitación del procedimiento.

Los derechos provisionales son medidas que se aplican temporalmente mientras dura la investigación, y se imponen a fin de evitar que los productores nacionales se sigan perjudicando con las importaciones presuntamente objeto de dumping o subvenciones durante la tramitación del procedimiento de investigación.

El derecho antidumping o compensatorio definitivo es el que finalmente se aplica cuando concluye la investigación y no coincide necesariamente con la cuantía del derecho provisional. Si la cuantía del derecho definitivo es menor a la del derecho provisional, Aduanas devuelve al importador la diferencia cobrada. Por el contrario, si la cuantía del derecho definitivo es mayor a la del derecho provisional, no se exige la diferencia al importador.

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Since antidumping and countervailing measures investigations can last up to eighteen (18) months, the legislation allows the imposition of provisional duties during the investigating procedure.

Provisional duties are temporary and are applied while the investigation is conducted. These duties are imposed in order to prevent domestic producers from continuing to suffer from dumped or subsidized imports during the course of the investigating procedure

The definitive antidumping or countervailing duty is the measure applied when the investigation concludes and is not necessarily equal to the amount of the provisional duty. If the amount of the definitive duty is lower than the amount of the provisional duty, Customs authority returns to the importer the difference charged. On the contrary, if the amount of the definitive duty results to be higher than the amount of the provisional duty, the difference is not required to the importer.

Since antidumping and countervailing measures investigations can last up to eighteen (18) months, the legislation allows the imposition of provisional duties during the investigating procedure.

Provisional duties are temporary and are applied while the investigation is conducted. These duties are imposed in order to prevent domestic producers from continuing to suffer from dumped or subsidized imports during the course of the investigating procedure.

The definitive antidumping or countervailing duty is the measure applied when the investigation concludes and is not necessarily equal to the amount of the provisional duty. If the amount of the definitive duty is lower than the amount of the provisional duty, Customs authority returns to the importer the difference charged. On the contrary, if the amount of the definitive duty results to be higher than the amount of the provisional duty, the difference is not required to the importer.

¿CUÁL ES LA DIFERENCIA DE LOS DERECHOS ANTIDUMPING DEFINITIVOS Y LOS DERECHOS COMPENSATORIOS DEFINITIVOS? / WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DEFINITIVE ANTI-DUMPING DUTIES AND THE DEFINITIVE COUNTERVAILING MEASURES?

Los derechos antidumping definitivos tienen como finalidad neutralizar los efectos ocasionados por las prácticas de dumping, mientras que los compensatorios neutralizan los efectos ocasionados por los subsidios.

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The purpose of definitive antidumping duties is to neutralize the effects caused by dumping practices, while countervailing measures neutralize the effects caused by subsidies.

The purpose of definitive antidumping duties is to neutralize the effects caused by dumping practices, while countervailing measures neutralize the effects caused by subsidies.

¿CUÁL ES LA DEFINICIÓN DE SUBVENCIONES? / WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF SUBSIDIES?

La subvención existe cuando un gobierno o cualquier organismo público realiza una transferencia directa de fondos, condona o no recauda ingresos públicos, proporciona bienes o servicios que no son de infraestructura general, compra bienes a un precio mayor al de mercado o, cuando existe alguna forma de sostenimiento de los ingresos o de los precios.

Adicionalmente, la subvención implica que se otorgue un beneficio y debe cumplir con el requisito de "especificidad", es decir, debe favorecer exclusivamente a una empresa o rama de producción o grupo de empresas o ramas de producción. 

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A subsidy exists when a government or any public body makes a direct transfer of funds, foregoes or does not collect government revenues, provides goods or services that are not general infrastructure, purchases goods at a higher price than the market one or when where there is any form of income or price support.

In addition, to be considered a subsidy, it must grant a benefit and must fulfill the "specificity" requirement, meaning that the benefit received should favor a specific enterprise or industry or group of enterprises or industries.

A subsidy exists when a government or any public body makes a direct transfer of funds, foregoes or does not collect government revenues, provides goods or services that are not general infrastructure, purchases goods at a higher price than the market one or when where there is any form of income or price support.

In addition, to be considered a subsidy, it must grant a benefit and must fulfill the "specificity" requirement, meaning that the benefit received should favor a specific enterprise or industry or group of enterprises or industries.

¿CUÁL ES LA DEFINICIÓN DE DUMPING? / WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF DUMPING?

El dumping es una práctica de discriminación de precios, que se verifica cuando una empresa o conjunto de empresas exportan su producto a un mercado extranjero y lo comercializan a un precio menor al que lo venden en su mercado interno.

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Dumping is a practice of price discrimination that occurs when a company or group of companies export their product to a foreign market and sell it at a price lower than that sold on their domestic market.

Dumping is a practice of price discrimination that occurs when a company or group of companies export their product to a foreign market and sell it at a price lower than that sold on their domestic market. 

¿QUÉ SON LOS DERECHOS ANTIDUMPING O COMPENSATORIOS? / WHAT ARE ANTIDUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES?

Son derechos que se aplican sobre las importaciones de los productos objeto de dumping o subvencionados a fin de neutralizar el daño que éstas ocasionan.

Los derechos sólo se aplican una vez que se ha verificado la existencia del dumping o de la subvención, el daño o amenaza de daño a la rama de producción nacional, y que el dumping o la subvención son los causantes del daño ocasionado a los productores nacionales, según corresponda.

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They are measures that are imposed on imports of dumped or subsidized products, in order to neutralize the injury they have caused on the domestic industry.

These measures are only applied after determining the existence of dumping or subsidy, the injury to the domestic industry and the causal relationship between the dumped or subsidized imports on domestic producers.

They are measures that are imposed on imports of dumped or subsidized products, in order to neutralize the injury they have caused on the domestic industry.

These measures are only applied after determining the existence of dumping or subsidy, the injury to the domestic industry and the causal relationship between the dumped or subsidized imports on domestic producers.

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